Past Atlanta Conference

The Atlanta Conference on S&T Policy
US-EU Policies for Research and Innovation
May 18-20, 2006
Atlanta, GA

9:00–9:30Welcome

G. Wayne Clough, President, Georgia Institute of Technology
Peter McGuire, Associate Dean, Ivan Allen College
Terry Blum, Dean, College of Management, Georgia Institute of
Technology
Diana Hicks, Chair, School of Pubic Policy, Georgia Institute of
Technology
Philippe Laredo, Coordinator, PRIME Network of Excellence

9:30–10:30Session 1: Keynote Address (open to public)

Introduction by Susan E. Cozzens, Georgia Institute of Technology

John H. Marburger, III, United States,
Science Advisor to the President and Director, Office of
Science and Technology Policy, USA

Break

10:45–12:30Session 2: Grand Challenges in the Science of Science Policy

Chair: Albert H. Teich, AAAS

William Butz, Population Reference Bureau,
“Is the US running out of STEM workers? How would we know and
what would we do about it?”


Deborah Duran, Office of the Director, National Institutes of
Health, “Aggregation Rules for Systemic Assessments”

Richard Newell, Council of Economic Advisors,
“Making Opportunity-Based Decisions – the Example of Energy
Forecasting”


Katy Börner, Indiana University,
“Visualization Tools for Decision Support in S&T Policy"

Lunch
[Georgia Tech
Hotel Dining
Room]


1:00–3:00   Session 3: Innovation Policy in the Light of Global Economic
Competition


Chair: Mary Ellen Mogee, SRI

Chad Evans, Vice President, National Innovation Initiative,
Council on Competitiveness, USA "The Role of the Private
Sector in U.S. Innovation Policy


Luke Georghiou, Associate Dean for Research,
Faculty of Humanities, University of Manchester, UK;
Rapporteur for “Creating an Innovative Europe,”
report of an independent expert group

Stefan Kuhlmann, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and
Innovations Research, Germany, and Copernicus Institute,
Utrecht University, Netherlands,“What European Innovation
Studies Have to Offer to Innovation Policy”


Rosalie Ruegg, TIA consulting, USA,
“What U.S. Innovation Studies Have to Offer to
Innovation Policy”


Break

3:30–5:30   Session 4: Changing sciences, changing institutions

Chair: Philip Shapira, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

Michael Crow, Arizona State University, USA,
“The New American University”

Andrea Bonaccorsi, Laboratory of Economics and Management,
Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy,
“The New European University”

Andrew James, Manchester Business School, UK,
“The UK Defence Labs: Radical Institutional Change,
Technology Transfer and Innovation System Dynamics”


5:30–7:00 Poster session and Reception
sponsored by Sue V. Rosser, Dean, Ivan Allen College
and Charles Liotta, Vice Provost for Research and Dean of
Graduate Studies, Georgia Institute of Technology

7:00 Conference dinner [Global Learning Center]

FRIDAY, May 19

9:00–10:30    Session 5: Models and Indicators

Chair: Jim Granato, Dept of Government, University of Texas, USA

Remi Barré, Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, France
"The state of S&T indicators in Europe"

Irwin Feller, AAAS, USA
“Estimating past returns, projecting future payoffs: An historical
update of what economists know and don’t know.”


Discussant: Peter van den Besselaer, Rathenau Institute, Royal
Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Netherlands

-----------

Session 6: Careers/ Human Resources/ Workforce

Chair: Wanda Ward, National Science Foundation, USA

Cheryl Leggon, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

Laura Cruz-Castro, Higher Council for Scientific Research,
Spain*

Danielle Logue, Australian Expert Group in Industry Studies,
Sydney, Australia**

Discussant: Kamau Bobb, National Academy of Engineering, USA

* Laura Cruz-Castro and Luis Sanz-Menendez, Higher Council for
Scientific Research, Spain, “Careers at Universities and Public
Research Centres: evidence from individual trajectories’ data”


** Danielle Logue, Australian Expert Group in Industry Studies,
University of Western Sydney, Australia, Professor Tim Turpin
University of Western Sydney, Australia; Professor Jane Marceau,
University of Technology Sydney, Australia; Professor Stephen
Hill, University of Wollongong, Australia; Dr Richard Woolley,
University of Western Sydney, Australia, “The driving
forces behind the migratory patterns of young scientists:
exploring the research base that informs mobility policies and
programs”
Break

11:00–12:30    Session 7: Contributed paper sessions

Session 7A: Policy Intelligence for Innovation
Friday, May 19, 11 – 12:30

Chair: Hannes Toivanen. Ministry of Trade and Industry, Finland

1. Developing Policy Intelligence for Research Policy Making.
Mark Boden. European Commission, Institute for Prospective
Technological Studies, Sevilla, Spain (mark.boden@cec.eu.int)

2. Policy Intelligence in Support to R&D Decision-Makers in
the New Member States – Lessons from Hungary and
Poland.
Jan Kozlowski, and Veronika Frigyesi. DG JRC IPTS
SERA Unit

3. Policy Learning and Development of European Knowledge
Bases for Innovation Policies.
Hannes Toivanen. Ministry of
Trade and Industry, Finland. (Hannes.Toivanen@ktm.fi)

-----------

Session 7B: Frontiers of Evaluation

Friday, May 19, 11 – 12:30

Chair: William Valdez, Department of Energy, USA

1. A Strategic Balanced Scorecard for Publicly Funded
Science.

Gretchen Jordan, Sandia National Laboratories
(gbjorda@sandia.gov); Jerald Hage, University of Maryland,
USA (hage@socy.umd.edu); and Jonathan Mote, University of
Maryland, USA (jmote@socy.umd.edu).

2. Impact Assessment as a Management Tool.
Experiences in Finnish Research Organizations.

Jari Konttinen (jari.konttinen@vtt.fi) / Kirsi Hyytinen. VTT
Technical Research Centre of Finland (Kirsi.hyytinen@vtt.fi).

3. R&D Assessment: Global Trends in Metrics and Measures.
Julia Melkers (jmelkers@uic.edu) / Eric Welch. University of
Illinois at Chicago, USA; Gordon Kingsley
(gordon.kingsley@pubpolicy.gatech.edu) / Branco Ponomariov.
Georgia Institute of Technology, USA.

-----------

Session 7C: Internationalization of R&D

Friday, May 19, 11 – 12:30

Chair: Diana Hicks, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

1. Regional Integration within Europe as an Answer to
Internationalization. How the European Research Area
Changes the Fabric of Governance in Research and
Innovation.

Jakob Edler / Stefan Kuhlmann. Fraunhofer Institute for
Systems and Innovation Research; Germany.

2. The Challenge of Internationalization for Policy Rationales.
Torsti Loikkanen. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
(torsti.loikkanen@vtt.fi).

3. Governance and Co-ordination: The Case of European
Innovation Policy.

Theodoros Papaioannou. ESRC/INNOGEN & DPP, The Open
University; and George Tsekouras. CENTRIM, University of
Brighton.

-----------

Session 7D: The Social Science Base for Science Policy

Friday, May 19, 11 – 12:30

Chair: Daniel Malkin, InterAmerican Development Bank

1. NSF’s Division of Science Resources Statistics: A Federal
Statistical Agency in Support of Science Policy.

Nirmala Kannankutty and Lynda T. Carlson (lcarlson@nsf.gov).
Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Science
Foundation, USA.

2. Social Science Models: Applications for Science Policy.
James Granato, University of Texas, Austin, USA
(jg6652@mail.la.utexas.edu); Frank Scioli,
National Science Foundation, USA.

3. Data Visualization in an Era of Digital Technologies:
Managing Visual Complexity.

Pamela Ebert-Flattau, IDA Science and Technology Policy
Institute, USA (pflattau@ida.org).

4. Are We There Yet? A Review of the “Social Science of
Science Policy.

Bhavya Lal, IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute, USA
(blal@ida.org).

-----------

Session 7E: Identifying and Understanding Creative
Research I


Friday, May 19, 11 – 12:30

Chair: Stefan Kuhlmann, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and
Innovations Research and Copernicus Institute, Utrecht
University


1. Identifying Creative Research Accomplishments: The
CREA Methodology.

Philip Shapira, Georgia Institute of Technology
(pshapira@gatech.edu); and Thomas Heinze, Fraunhofer
Institute for Systems and Innovations Research
(T.Heinze@isi.fraunhofer.de).

2. Characterizing Creative Scientists: Productivity,
Disciplinary Breadth and Network Position.

Thomas Heinze, Fraunhofe Institute for Systems and
Innovation Analysis, Germany, (T.Heinze@isi.fraunhofer.de)
and Gerrit Baeur, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and
Innovation Analysis, Germany (gerrit.bauer@gmx.net).

3. Creative Knowledge Environments.
Sven Hemlin (Göteborg University), Carl Martin Allwood (Lund
University), and Ben Martin, SPRU – Science and Technology
Policy Research, University of Sussex, United Kingdom
(
b.martin@sussex.ac.uk).

Lunch

1:30–3:00    Session 8: Innovation in States and Regions

Chair: Stephen Crawford, National Governor’s Association

Jennifer Clark, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

Luis Sanz-Menendez, Higher Council for Scientific Research

Discussant: Howard Gobstein, National Association of State and
Land Grant Universities and Colleges

-----------

Session 9: S&T for Development

Chair: Marta Cehelsky, National Science Foundation, USA

Arie Rip, Twente University

Rodrigo Arocena, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay

Discussant: Daniel Malkin, InterAmerican Development Bank

Break

3:30–5:30    Session 10: Contributed paper sessions

Session 10A: Setting and Evaluating National Priorities
Friday, May 19, 3:30 – 5:30

Chair: Mark Zachary Taylor. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1. Dynamic Evaluation Models for the Formation of National
Scientific and Technological Policies.

Jerald H. Hage. University of Maryland, USA.
(jerryhage@aol.com).

2. Government R&D Funding: New Approaches in the Allocation
Policies for Public and Private Beneficiaries.

Bianca Poti. (b.poti@ceris.cnr.it); and Emanuela Reale
(e.reale@ceris.cnr.it) CERIS CNR, Italy.

3. The Politics of Technological Change: International
Relationships versus Domestic Institutions.

Mark Zachary Taylor. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
(mzak@mit.edu).

-----------

Session 10B: Stimulating Jobs and Growth
Friday, May 19, 3:30 – 5:30

Chair: J David Roessner, Georgia Institute of Technology and SRI

1. How Do Policies on R&D in Industry Affect Growth and Jobs?
René van Bavel and Andries Brandsma, JRC-IPTS, European
Commission.

2. The Public Policies to Foster the Creation of Research Based
Spin-Off firms in Europe (or the gap between policy
expectations and their results).

Philippe Mustar. Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mines de Paris,
France (philippe.mustar@ensmp.fr).

3. (How) Do Tax Incentives Match Trends in Business R&D? A
New Perspective on a Key Research Policy Instrument.

Jan Nill. European Commission Joint Research Centre – IPTS,
Sevilla, Spain (jan.nill@cec.eu.int).

4. Do State R&D Tax Credits Matter to Innovative and Economic
Performance?

Yonghong Wu. University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
(yonghong@uic.edu).

-----------

Session 10C: Innovation in Regional Dynamics
Friday, May 19, 3:30 – 5:30

Chair: Jan Youtie, Georgia Institute of Technology

1. How Organizational Structures in Science Shape Spin-Off
Firms; The Biochemistry Departments of Berkeley, Stanford
and UCSF and the Birth of the Biotech Industry.

Simcha Jong. European University Institute, Italy
(simcha.jong@iue.it).

2. Policy Lessons Learned from Studying the Vancouver Human
Biotechnology Cluster.

Monica Salazar. Simon Fraser University, Canada
(msalazar@sfu.ca).

3. Combinatorial Inventors and Performance in Nano Science
and Technology.

Andrea Bonaccorsi, University of Pisa, Italy; and Grid Thoma,
Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Italy (thoma@sssup.it).

4. The Role of Regional Institutional Entrepreneurs in the
Emergence of Clusters in Nanotechnologies

Mangematin, V. - ESSEC and GAEL ; Rip, A. – University of
Twente; Delemare A. - ENPC/LATTS, Paris; Robinson, D.K.R. -
University of Twente.

5. Regional Promotion of Science and Technology Development
in Mid-sized Cities.

Jan Youtie (jan.youtie@edi.gatech.edu) / Philip Shapira
(pshapira@gatech.edu). Georgia Institute of Technology, USA.

-----------

Session 10D: Networks in Innovation Analysis
Friday, May 19, 3:30 – 5:30

Chair: Caroline S. Wagner, George Washington University

1. Measuring Interdisciplinary Collaboration Within University–
Based Science Centers Using Innovative Evaluation
Techniques.

Elizabeth A. Corley, Arizona State University, USA
(Elizabeth.corley@asu.edu); Kimberly Johns, University of Illinois
at Chicago, USA (kjohns39@uic.edu); and Julia Melkers,
University of Illinois at Chicago, USA (jmelkers@uic.edu).

2. Possibilities and Constraints of NoEs as exemplified by
PRIME.

Terttu Luukkonen, The Research Institute of the Finnish
Economy, Helsinki, Finland (terttu.luukkonen@etla.fi); Maria
Nedeva, The PREST, Manchester Business School, Manchester,
UK; and Rémi Barré, Conservatoire des Arts-et-Métiers, Paris,
France.

3. New Directions in the Use of Network Analysis in R&D
Evaluation.

Jonathon Mote, University of Maryland, USA; Gretchen Jordan,
Sandia National Laboratory (gbjorda@sandia.gov); and Jerald
Hage, University of Maryland, USA (hage@socy.umd.edu).

4. Can Research and Development be Analyzed as a Dynamic
System? A Case Study of Nanoscience and Engineering
Research

Caroline S. Wagner (cswagner@gwu.edu) and Sue Mohrman.

-----------

Session 10E: Fostering Research Creativity II
Friday, May 19, 3:30 – 5:30

Chair: Cheryl Leggon, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

1. Organizational Contexts and Factors Influencing Creativity
in Basic Science.

J. Rogers Hollingsworth. Departments of History and Sociology,
University of Wisconsin, USA. (Hollingsjr@aol.com).

2. Intellectual Property and the Creative Process: Innovation
Models from the US and EU.

Christopher Newfield. Center for Nanotechnology in Society,
University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
(cnewf@english.ucsb.edu).

3. FIRST- Focal Initiative on Research and Technology:
Supporting Innovative Research in Israel.

Ron Naaman, Department of Chemical Physics, Weizmann
Institute, and Chairman of the Board, FIRST, Israel Science
Foundation (ron.naaman@weizmann.ac.il).



SATURDAY, May 20

9:00–10:30   Session 11: Contributed paper sessions

Session 11A: Setting and Evaluating National Priorities
Saturday, May 20, 9 – 10:30

Chair: Paolo Pasimeni, CSIC – Spanish Council for Scientific

1. The Impact of Taiwan’s Science and Innovation Policy on
Firm Productivity Growth in the 1990s.

Chialin Chang, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan
(changchialin@nchu.edu.tw); Stéphane Robin, University of
Strasbourg 1, France (robin@cournot.u-strasbg.fr).

2. The Regional Dimension of S&T Indicators in an Unequal
Federal System: Overview of the State of Sao Paulo
Experience and Leadership.

Regina Gusmao, The State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation
(FAPESP), Brazil (gusmao@fapesp.br).

3. Decline of the Center: The Decentralizing Process of
Knowledge Transfer of Chinese Universities from 1985-
2004.

Wei Hong, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.

4. Evolution of Industrial Policies for Technology Innovation:
Experiences from China.

Xinxin Kong (kongxx@nrcstd.org.cn); and Hui Yan, Ministry of
Science and Technology, China.

5. Towards a Euro-Mediterranean Innovation Space: Some
Lessons and Policy Queries.

Paolo Pasimeni (paolo@orgc.csic.es)/ Rafael Rodriguez-
Clemente. CSIC – Spanish Council for Scientific Research,
Seville, Spain; Anne-Sophie Boisard/ Rigas Arvanitis
(rigas@option-service.fr). IRD –Institut de Recherche pour le
Développement, Paris, France.

-----------

Session 11B: New Universities and New Institutional
Environments

Saturday, May 20, 9 – 10:30

Chair: Juan D. Rogers. Georgia Institute of Technology

1. Institutional Differentiation in the European University
System. New Evidence from the Aquameth Project.

Andrea Bonaccorsi. University of Pisa, Italy; and Cinzia Daraio.
IIT – CNR and Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna.

2. Governance of Heterogeneous Collaboration in the German
Research System. An analysis with focus on
Nanotechnology.

Thomas Heinze. Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, Germany
(T.Heinze@isi.fraunhofer.de); and Stefan Kuhlmann. Fraunhofe
ISI, Karlsruhe, Germany; and Copernicus Institute, Utrecht
University, Netherlands.

3. Research Centers in Various Academic Contexts: Patterns
of STHC in Minority Serving Institutions, EPSCoR
Universities, Disability Research and Research I
Universities.

Juan D. Rogers. Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
(juan.rogers@pubpolicy.gatech.edu).

-----------

Session 11C: Nanotechnology in Context
Saturday, May 20, 9 – 10:30

Chair: Patrick Hamlett, North Carolina State [invited]

1. Regional Scientific Attractiveness, Technological Paths and
Location of Firms: the Case of Nanotechnologies.

Avenel, E. - GAEL, INRA/UPMF ; Kahane, B.- ISTM and LATTS;
Ma, S., Mangematin, V. - ESSEC and GAEL ; and Rieu, C.

2. The Role of Public Deliberations in Shaping Public
Policymaking about Science and Technology.

Patrick W. Hamlett, North Carolina State University, USA.
(hamlett@social.chass.ncsu.edu).

3. Explorations in Research and Innovation Systems
Assessment: Where is Nano Going?

Alan L. Porter (alan.porter@isye.gatech.edu), Philip Shapira
(pshapira@gatech.edu), David J. Schoeneck, Ajay Sivaram
Bhaskarabhatla, Jan Youtie, and Dirk Libaers. Georgia
Institute of Technology, USA.

-----------

Session 11D: Innovation and Inequalities
Saturday, May 20, 9 – 10:30

Chair: Andrea Fernandez Ribas, Georgia Institute of Technology

1. Science and Technology Impacts and Inequality.
Barry Bozeman (barry.bozeman@pubpolicy.gatech.edu)/
Paul Hirsch (paul.hirsch@pubpolicy.gatech.edu), Georgia
Institute of Technology, USA.

2. Science, Technology, and Inequalities: Designing Effective
Policies and Programs.

Susan Cozzens, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
(scozzens@gatech.edu).

3. Race/Ethnicity and the Impact of High Technology
Industries on Employment and Wages in the US

Sonia Gatchair, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
(sgatchair@gatech.edu).

4. Researching Inequality through Science and Technology –
ResIST

Peter Healey, James Martin Institute, Oxford University, UK
(peter@stage-research.net).


Break

11:00–12:30    Session 12: Closing plenary: the field of S&T policy studies:
supply, demand, disciplinary ecology


Diana Hicks, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

Philippe Laredo, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées,
France

Terttu Luukkonen, The Research Institute of the Finnish
Economy, Finland

Ben Martin, Science Policy Research Unit, UK

Mark Weiss, National Science Foundation, USA

Susan Cozzens, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA

Lunch

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